The term Tetragrammaton (from Greek τετραγράμματον, meaning "[a word] having four letters") refers to the proper name of the God of Israel YHWH (Hebrew: יהוה) used in the Hebrew Bible.
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- This article is about the literary manifestations of the name of God in Hebrew. For other attributes of the name of God, see Yahweh,Jehovah, God in Judaism, and God in Abrahamic religions.
Occurrences and usesThe Tetragrammaton occurs 6,828 times in the Hebrew text of both the Biblia Hebraica andread from right to left (in Biblical Hebrew), are:
Hebrew Letter name Pronunciation י Yodh "Y" ה He "H" ו Waw "W" or placeholder for "O"/"U" vowel (see mater lectionis) ה He "H" (or often a silent letter at the end of a word)indicate the omitted vowels.In English translations, it is often rendered in capital and small capital letters as "the Lord",following Jewish tradition which reads the word as "Adonai" ("Lord") out of respect for the name of Godand the interpretation of the commandment not to take the name of God in vain. The word "haŠem",'the Name' is also used in Jewish contexts; in Samaritan, "Šemå" is the normal substitution